4 Feb 2021

Memento [2000] [West] [USA] [Top IMDB]

Movies - West - USA - Memento

Information about the Movie:
Memento [2000] [West] [USA] [Top IMDB]
Memento 2000 USA Christopher Nolan Guy Pearce Carrie-Anne Moss Joe Pantoliano  Mystery, Thriller
Title: Memento
Year: 2000 Country: USA
Durasi: 113 Minutes Genre: Mystery, Thriller  Rating IMDB: 8,6 dari 10
IMDB: http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0209144
Director: Christopher Nolan
Casts: Guy Pearce , Carrie-Anne Moss , Joe Pantoliano
Premise: A man with short-term memory loss attempts to track down his wife's murderer.
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Memento is a 2000 American neo-noir psychological thriller film written and directed by Christopher Nolan, and produced by Suzanne and Jennifer Todd. The film's script was based on a pitch by Jonathan Nolan, who wrote the 2001 story "Memento Mori" from the concept. Guy Pearce stars as a man who, as a result of an injury, has anterograde amnesia (the inability to form new memories) and has short-term memory loss approximately every fifteen minutes. He is searching for the people who attacked him and killed his wife, using an intricate system of Polaroid photographs and tattoos to track information he cannot remember.

The film is presented as two different sequences of scenes interspersed during the film: a series in black-and-white that is shown chronologically, and a series of color sequences shown in reverse order (simulating for the audience the mental state of the protagonist). The two sequences meet at the end of the film, producing one complete and cohesive narrative.

Memento premiered at the 57th Venice International Film Festival on September 5, 2000, and was released in the United States on March 16, 2001. It was acclaimed by critics, who praised its nonlinear narrative structure and motifs of memory, perception, grief, and self-deception, and earned $39.9 million over a $4.5 million budget. Memento received numerous accolades, including Oscar nominations for Best Original Screenplay and Best Film Editing. The film is now widely regarded as one of Nolan's finest works and one of the best films of the 2000s. In 2017, the United States Library of Congress deemed the film "culturally, historically, or aesthetically significant" and selected it for preservation in the National Film Registry.

The film starts with a Polaroid photograph of a dead man. As the sequence plays backward, the photo reverts to its undeveloped state, entering the camera before the man is shot in the head. The film then continues, alternating between black-and-white and color sequences.

The black-and-white sequences begin with Leonard Shelby, a former insurance investigator, in a motel room speaking to an unseen and unknown caller. Leonard has anterograde amnesia and is unable to store recent memories, the result of an attack by two men. Leonard explains that he killed the attacker who raped and strangled his wife, but a second clubbed him and escaped. The police did not accept that there was a second attacker, but Leonard believes the attacker's name is "John G" or "James G". Leonard investigates using notes, Polaroid photos, and tattoos. Leonard recalls Sammy Jankis, another anterograde amnesiac, from his insurance industry days. After tests confirmed Sammy's inability to learn tasks through repetition, Leonard believed that his condition was at best psychological (and perhaps faked) and turned down his insurance claim. Sammy's distraught wife repeatedly asked Sammy to administer her insulin shots for her diabetes, hoping he would remember and would stop himself from giving her a fatal overdose. However, Sammy continued to administer the injections, and his wife died.

The color sequences are shown reverse-chronologically. In the story's chronology, Leonard self-directively gets a tattoo of John G's license plate. Finding a note in his clothes, he meets Natalie, a bartender who resents Leonard because he wears the clothes and drives the car of her boyfriend, Jimmy Grantz. After understanding Leonard's condition, she uses it to get Leonard to drive a man named Dodd out of town and offers to run the license plate as a favor. Meanwhile, Leonard meets with a contact, Teddy, who helps with Dodd, but warns about Natalie. Leonard finds that he had previously annotated his Polaroid of Teddy, warning himself not to trust him. Natalie provides Leonard with the driver's license for a John Edward Gammell, Teddy's full name. Confirming Leonard's information on "John G" and his warnings, Leonard drives Teddy to an abandoned building, leading to the opening, where he shoots him.

In the final black-and-white sequence, prompted by the caller, Leonard meets with Teddy, an undercover officer, who has found Leonard's "John G," Jimmy, and directs Leonard to the abandoned building. When Jimmy arrives, Leonard strangles him fatally and takes a Polaroid photo of the body. As the photo develops, the black-and-white transitions to the final color sequence. Leonard swaps clothes with Jimmy, hearing him whisper "Sammy." As Leonard has only told Sammy's story to those he has met, he suddenly doubts Jimmy's role. Teddy arrives and asserts that Jimmy was John G, but when Leonard is undeterred, Teddy claims that he helped him kill the real attacker a year ago, and he has been using Leonard ever since. Teddy points out that since the name "John G" is common, Leonard will cyclically forget and begin again and that even Teddy himself has a "John G" name. Further, Teddy claims that Sammy's story is Leonard's own story, a memory Leonard has repressed to escape guilt.

After hearing Teddy confess all of this, Leonard burns the photograph of dead Jimmy and in a monologue explains that he is willing to lie to himself in order to get justice against anyone who has wronged him. He therefore targets Teddy by ordering a tattoo of Teddy's license plate number and writing a note to himself that Teddy is not to be trusted so that he will mistake Teddy for John G. and kill him. Leonard drives off in Jimmy's car, confident that, despite this lie, he will retain enough awareness of the world to know that his actions have consequences.

Memento adalah film misteri thriller Amerika Serikat tahun 2001 yang disutradarai oleh Christopher Nolan dan diproduseri oleh Jennifer Todd dan Suzanne Todd. Naskah film ini ditulis oleh Christopher Nolan berdasarkan cerita pendek Memento Mori karya Jonathan Nolan. Film ini dibintangi oleh Guy Pearce, Carrie-Anne Moss dan Joe Pantoliano.

Film Memento ditayangkan secara perdana di Festival Film Venesia pada tanggal 5 September 2000 dan dirilis di Amerika Serikat pada tanggal 16 Maret 2001. Film ini mendapatkan review positif dari para kritikus.

Film ini dimulai dengan foto polaroid dari seorang pria yang telah meninggal. Ketika urutannya memutar mundur, foto itu kembali ke keadaan yang belum berkembang, memasuki kamera sebelum pria itu ditembak di kepala. Film kemudian berlanjut, bergantian antara urutan hitam putih dan warna.

Urutan hitam putih dimulai dengan Leonard Shelby (Guy Pearce), seorang penyelidik asuransi, di sebuah kamar motel berbicara kepada seorang penelepon yang tak dikenal. Leonard memiliki amnesia dan tidak dapat mengingat akhir-akhir ini, akibat serangan oleh dua pria. Leonard menjelaskan bahwa ia membunuh seorang penyerang yang memperkosa dan mencekik istrinya (Jorja Fox), tetapi penyerang kedua memukulnya dan melarikan diri. Polisi tidak mendapatkan bukti bahwa ada penyerang kedua, tetapi Leonard percaya bahwa nama penyerang adalah John atau James, dengan nama belakangnya berinisial G, sehingga Leonard melakukan penyelidikan sendiri menggunakan serangkaian catatan, foto polaroid dan tato yang rumit. Dari pekerjaannya di bidang asuransi, Leonard mengingat kembali seorang pria yang juga mengalami amnesia, Sammy Jankis (Stephen Tobolowsky). Istri Sammy yang menderita diabetes (Harriet Sansom Harris), yang tidak yakin dengan kondisi suaminya, berulang kali meminta bantuan Sammy dengan suntikan insulin. Ia berharap Sammy akan ingat telah memberinya suntikan dan akan menghentikan dirinya dari pemberian suntikan sebelum ia meninggal karena overdosis. Namun, Sammy terus memberikan suntikan sehingga istrinya mengalami koma fatal.

Urutan warna ditampilkan secara terbalik dan kronologis. Dalam kronologi cerita, Leonard secara langsung mengarahkan tato ke plat nomor John G. Menemukan sebuah catatan di dalam pakaiannya, Leonard bertemu dengan Natalie (Carrie-Anne Moss), seorang bartender yang membenci Leonard karena ia mengenakan pakaian dan mengendarai mobil kekasihnya, Jimmy Grantz (Larry Holden). Setelah mengetahui kondisi Leonard, Natalie memanfaatkan kondisi Leonard tersebut untuk mempekerjakan Leonard mengantarkan seorang pria bernama Dodd (Callum Keith) keluar kota dan menawarkan untuk mengatur plat nomor sebagai bantuan. Sementara itu, Leonard bertemu dengan seorang kontak, Teddy (Joe Pantoliano), yang membantunya bersama Dodd, tetapi ia memperingatkan tentang Natalie. Namun, sebuah foto menyebabkan Leonard tidak mempercayai Teddy. Natalie memberikan Leonard SIM untuk John Edward Gammell, nama lengkap Teddy. Mengetahui informasi Leonard tentang "John G" dan peringatannya, Leonard mengantarkan Teddy ke sebuah bangunan usang, yang mengarah ke adegan pendahuluan, di mana Leonard menembak Teddy.

Dalam urutan hitam putih terakhir, yang diminta oleh penelepon, Leonard bertemu dengan Teddy, seorang petugas yang menyamar, yang telah menemukan "John G", Jimmy, dan mengantarkan Leonard ke sebuah bangunan usang. Ketika Jimmy tiba, Leonard mencekiknya dengan kejam dan mengambil foto polaroid dari tubuhnya. Ketika foto dibuat, urutan hitam putih tersebut berubah ke urutan warna terakhir. Leonard bertukar pakaian dengan Jimmy dan mendengarnya berbisik, "Sammy." Ketika Leonard hanya menceritakan kisah Sammy kepada orang-orang yang ditemuinya, ia tiba-tiba meragukan peran Jimmy. Teddy tiba dan menegaskan bahwa Jimmy adalah "John G", tetapi ketika Leonard tidak terpengaruh, Teddy mengungkapkan bahwa ia membantu Leonard membunuh penyerang yang sebenarnya setahun yang lalu dan ia telah menggunakan Leonard sejak saat itu. Teddy menunjukkan bahwa karena nama "John G" adalah umum, Leonard akan berulang kali lupa dan memulai lagi dan bahwa bahkan Teddy sendiri memiliki nama "John G". Lebih jauh, Teddy mengaku bahwa kisah Sammy adalah kisah Leonard sendiri, kenangan yang ditekankan oleh Leonard untuk melepaskan diri dari rasa bersalah.

Setelah mendengar penjelasan Teddy, Leonard dengan sadar membakar foto Jimmy, menulis pesan untuk dirinya sendiri di foto Teddy bahwa ia seharusnya tidak mempercayai Teddy dan pergi dengan mobil Jimmy. Leonard kemudian memiliki tato plat nomor Teddy, seolah Teddy adalah penyerang kedua, yang menyebabkan kematian Teddy.

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