31 Mar 2021

The King's Speech [2010] [West] [USA]

Movies - West - USA - The King's Speech

Information about the Movie:
The King's Speech [2010] [West] [USA]
The King's Speech 2010 USA Tom Hooper Colin Firth Derek Jacobi Geoffrey Rush Guy Pearce, Helena Bonham Carter, Richard Dixon, R Biography, Drama, History
Title: The King's Speech
Year: 2010 Country: USA
Durasi: 108 Minutes Genre: Biography , Drama , History Rating IMDB: 8.1 dari 10
IMDB: http://www.imdb.com/title/tt1504320
Director: Tom Hooper
Casts: Colin Firth , Derek Jacobi , Geoffrey Rush Guy Pearce, Helena Bonham Carter, Richard Dixon, R
Production Company: The Weinstein Company
Cast and Crew: Tom Hooper (director); David Seidler (screenplay); Colin Firth, Geoffrey Rush, Helena Bonham Carter, Guy Pearce, Timothy Spall, Derek Jacobi, Jennifer Ehle, Michael Gambon, Freya Wilson, Ramona Marquez, Patrick Ryecart, Simon Chandler, Claire Bloom, Orlando Wells, Eve Best, Anthony Andrews

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The King's Speech is a 2010 British historical drama film directed by Tom Hooper and written by David Seidler. Colin Firth plays the future King George VI who, to cope with a stammer, sees Lionel Logue, an Australian speech and language therapist played by Geoffrey Rush. The men become friends as they work together, and after his brother abdicates the throne, the new king relies on Logue to help him make his first wartime radio broadcast upon Britain's declaration of war on Germany in 1939.

Seidler read about George VI's life after learning to manage a stuttering condition he developed during his own youth. He started writing about the relationship between the therapist and his royal patient as early as the 1980s, but at the request of the King's widow, Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother, postponed work until her death in 2002. He later rewrote his screenplay for the stage to focus on the essential relationship between the two protagonists. Nine weeks before filming began, Logue's notebooks were discovered and quotations from them were incorporated into the script.

Principal photography took place in London and around Britain from November 2009 to January 2010. Hard light was used to give the story a greater resonance and wider-than-normal lenses were employed to recreate the Duke of York's feelings of constriction. A third technique Hooper employed was the off-centre framing of characters.

The King's Speech was a major box office and critical success. It was widely praised by film critics for its visual style, art direction, screenplay, directing, score, and acting. Other commentators discussed the film's representation of historical detail, especially the reversal of Winston Churchill's opposition to abdication. The film received many awards and nominations, particularly for Colin Firth's performance, which resulted in his first Oscar win for Best Actor. At the 83rd Academy Awards, The King's Speech received 12 Oscar nominations, more than any other film in that year, and subsequently won four, including Best Picture. Censors initially gave it adult ratings due to profanity, though these were later revised downwards after criticism by the makers and distributors in the UK and some instances of swearing were muted in the US. On a budget of £8 million, it earned over £250 million ($400 million) internationally.

At the official closing of the British Empire Exhibition at Wembley Stadium, Prince Albert, Duke of York, the second son of King George V, addresses the crowd with a strong stammer. His search for treatment has been discouraging, but his wife, Elizabeth, persuades him to see the Australian-born Lionel Logue, a non-medically trained Harley Street speech defects therapist. "Bertie", as he is called by his family, believes the first session is not going well, but Lionel, who insists that all his patients address him as such, has his potential client recite Hamlet's "To be, or not to be" soliloquy while hearing classical music played on a pair of headphones. Bertie is frustrated at the experiment but Lionel gives him the acetate recording that he has made of the reading as a souvenir.

After Bertie's father, King George V, broadcasts his 1934 Royal Christmas Message, he explains to Bertie that the wireless will play a significant part in the role of the royal family, allowing them to enter the homes of the people, and that Bertie's brother's neglect of his responsibilities make training in it necessary. The attempt at reading the message himself is a failure, but that night Bertie plays the recording Lionel gave him and is astonished at the lack of stutter there. He therefore returns for daily treatments to overcome the physical and psychological roots of his speaking difficulty.

George V dies in 1936, and his eldest son David ascends the throne as King Edward VIII. A constitutional crisis arises with the new king over a prospective marriage with the twice-divorced American socialite Wallis Simpson. Edward, as the supreme governor of the Church of England, cannot marry her, even if she receives her second divorce, since both her previous husbands are alive.

At an unscheduled session, Bertie expresses his frustration that, while his speech has improved when speaking to most people, he still stammers when talking to David, at the same time revealing the extent of Edward VIII's folly with Simpson. When Lionel insists that Bertie himself could make a good king, Bertie accuses Lionel of speaking treason and quits Lionel in anger. Bertie must now face the Accession Council without any assistance.

Bertie and Lionel only come together again after King Edward decides to abdicate in order to marry. Bertie, urged ahead by Prime Minister Stanley Baldwin, ascends the throne as King George VI and visits Lionel's home with his wife before their coronation, much to the surprise of Mrs. Logue when she comes upon Queen Elizabeth having tea at her dining room table. This is the first time that she learns who her husband's patient has been.

Bertie and Lionel's relationship is questioned by the King's advisors during the preparations for his coronation in Westminster Abbey. The archbishop of Canterbury, Cosmo Gordon Lang, brings to light that George never asked for advice from his advisors about his treatment and that Lionel has never had formal training. Lionel explains to an outraged Bertie that at the time he started with speech defects there were no formal qualifications and that the only known help that was available for returning Great War shell-shocked Australian soldiers was from personal experience. Bertie remains unconvinced until provoked to protest at Lionel's disrespect for King Edward's Chair and the Stone of Scone. Only at this pivotal moment, after realising he has just expressed himself without impairment, is Bertie able to rehearse with Lionel and complete the ceremony.

As the new king, Bertie is in a crisis when he must broadcast to Britain and the Empire following the declaration of war on Nazi Germany in 1939. Lionel is summoned to Buckingham Palace to prepare the king for his speech. Knowing the challenge that lies before him, Lang, Winston Churchill, and Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain are present to offer support. The King and Logue are then left in the broadcasting room. He delivers his speech with Logue conducting him, but by the end he is speaking freely. Preparing to leave the room for the congratulations of those present, Logue mentions to the King that he still has difficulty enunciating w and the King jokes back, "I had to throw in a few so they'd know it was me."

As the Royal Family step onto the palace balcony and are applauded by the crowd, a title card explains that Logue, who received the Royal Victorian Order for service to the Crown, was always present at King George VI's speeches during the war and that they remained friends until the King's death from lung cancer in 1952.

The King's Speech adalah film biografi drama sejarah Britania Raya tahun 2010 yang disutradarai oleh Tom Hooper dan diproduseri oleh Iain Canning, Emile Sherman dan Gareth Unwin. Naskah film ini ditulis oleh David Seidler. Film ini dibintangi oleh Colin Firth, Geoffrey Rush dan Helena Bonham Carter.

Film The King's Speech ditayangkan secara perdana di Festival Film Telluride pada tanggal 6 September 2010 dan dirilis di Amerika Serikat pada tanggal 26 November 2010 secara terbatas dan 25 Desember 2010 secara luas. Film ini dirilis di Britania Raya pada tanggal 7 Januari 2011. Film ini mendapatkan review positif dari para kritikus.

Pada penutupan Pameran Kekaisaran Inggris di Stadion Wembley, Pangeran Albert, Adipati York (Colin Firth), putra kedua Raja George V (Michael Gambon), berpidato dengan gagah, tetapi ia gagap berpidato. Perjalanannya untuk mencari pengobatan nihil, tetapi istrinya, Elizabeth (Helena Bonham Carter), membujuknya untuk menemui Lionel Logue (Geoffrey Rush) dari Australia, seorang juru bicara Harley Street yang belum berpengalaman secara medis. "Bertie", panggilan Pangeran Albert oleh keluarganya, yakin bahwa sesi pertama tidak berjalan dengan baik walaupun Lionel membuatnya membaca rekaman asetat "To be, or not to be" karya Hamlet sambil mendengarkan musik klasik pada sepasang headphone. Bertie kecewa dan Lionel memberinya rekaman sebagai oleh-oleh.

Ayah Bertie, Raja George V, membuat pidato ucapan Natal tahun 1934 melalui nirkabel dan ia menjelaskan kepada Bertie bahwa mesin tersebut sangat penting dalam Keluarga Kerajaan yang mengirimkan pesan ke rumah orang-orang dan bahwa kelalaian kakak Bertie terhadap tanggung jawabnya membuat Bertie membutuhkan pelatihan itu. Bertie sangat frustasi ketika ia memainkan rekaman yang diberikan Lionel tersebut. Bertie kembali menjalani latihan tiap hari untuk mengatasi masalah utama fisik dan psikologis dari kesulitan berbicara.

George V meninggal pada tahun 1936, dan putra sulungnya naik tahta sebagai Raja Edward VIII (Guy Pearce). Sebuah krisis konstitusional muncul ketika raja baru ingin menikah prospektif dengan wanita sosialita Amerika yang bercerai dua kali, Wallis Simpson (Eve Best). Sang raja, sebagai Gubernur Tertinggi Gereja Inggris, tidak bisa menikahinya, bahkan jika Wallis menerima perceraian keduanya, karena kedua suami sebelumnya masih hidup.

Pada sesi yang tidak terjadwal, Bertie mengungkapkan rasa frustrasinya bahwa ketika pidatonya membaik saat berbicara dengan orang-orang, ia tetap tergagap saat berbicara dengan kakaknya dan mengungkapkan level kebodohan kakaknya dengan Wallis. Ketika Lionel menegaskan bahwa Bertie bisa menjadi raja yang baik, Bertie menuduh Lionel melakukan pengkhianatan berbicara dan mengusir Lionel. Bertie harus menghadapi Dewan Pengangkatan tanpa bantuan Lionel.

Bertie dan Lionel datang bersama setelah Raja Edward memutuskan untuk melepaskan diri demi menikahi Wallis. Bertie diangkat menjadi Raja George VI dan Elizabeth diangkat menjadi ratu. Sang raja dan ratu mengunjungi rumah Lionel sebelum upacara Penobatan, yang mengejutkan istri Lionel saat ia menjamu sang ratu sambil minum teh di meja makannya dan mengetahui bahwa sang raja adalah pasien suaminya.

Hubungan George VI dan Lionel diketahui oleh penasihat raja ketika melakukan persiapan untuk penobatannya di Westminster Abbey. Terungkap bahwa George VI tidak pernah meminta saran dari penasihatnya tentang gagapnya dan Lionel tidak pernah mendapatkan pelatihan formal untuk menjadi seorang dokter medis. Lionel menjelaskan bahwa pada saat George VI mulai gagap, tidak ada pelatihan formal dan satu-satunya bantuan yang diketahui dan didapatkan untuk mengembalikan tentara Australia ketika Perang Dunia I adalah dari pengalaman pribadi.

George VI tetap tidak yakin dengan kesesuaiannya sebagai raja, tetapi Lionel mendorong George VI untuk mengungkapkan suaranya dengan meremehkan Kursi Raja Edward dan Stone of Scone. Lionel melatih George VI dan upacara penobatan selesai.

George VI mengalami krisis saat ia harus mengumumkan deklarasi perang Britania Raya dengan Jerman Nazi tahun 1939 melalui nirkabel. Lionel dipanggil ke Istana Buckingham untuk mempersiapkan George VI untuk alamat nirkabelnya ke Britania Raya dan Imperium Britania. Mengetahui tantangan yang ada di hadapannya, Uskup Agung Canterbury Cosmo Gordon Lang (Derek Jacobi), Winston Churchill (Timothy Spall) dan Perdana Menteri Neville Chamberlain (Roger Parrott) hadir untuk menawarkan dukungan. George VI dan Lionel kemudian ditinggalkan di ruang penyiaran. Ia menyampaikan pidatonya dengan Lionel yang mengarahkannya, tetapi pada akhirnya, ia dapat berbicara bebas. Bersiap untuk meninggalkan ruangan untuk ucapan selamat dari orang-orang yang hadir di istana, Lionel memberitahu George VI bahwa ia masih memiliki kesulitan untuk mengucapkan 'w' dan George VI kembali bercanda, "Saya harus menyerah beberapa kali sehingga mereka tahu itu saya".

George VI beserta istri dan dua putrinya melangkah ke balkon istana dan mendapatkan tepuk tangan meriah oleh orang-orang di bawah mereka. Film berakhir dengan pernyataan bahwa Lionel selalu hadir dalam pidato Raja George VI selama perang dan mereka tetap berteman selama sisa hidup mereka.

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