25 Mar 2021

The Shawshank Redemption [1994] [West] [USA] [Top IMDB]

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The Shawshank Redemption [1994] [West] [USA] [Top IMDB]
The Shawshank Redemption 1994 USA Frank Darabont Bob Gunton Clancy Brown Morgan Freeman Tim Robbins, William Sadler Crime, Drama
Title: The Shawshank Redemption
Year: 1994 Country: USA
Durasi: 142 Minutes Genre: Crime , Drama Rating IMDB: 9.3 dari 10
IMDB: http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0111161
Director: Frank Darabont
Casts: Bob Gunton , Clancy Brown , Morgan Freeman Tim Robbins, William Sadler
Premise: Two imprisoned men bond over a number of years, finding solace and eventual redemption through acts of common decency.
Production Company: Columbia Pictures / Castle Rock Entertainment
Cast and Crew: Frank Darabont (director/screenplay); Tim Robbins, Morgan Freeman, Bob Gunton, William Sadler, Clancy Brown, Gil Bellows, James Whitmore, Jude Ciccolella, Mark Rolston, Jeffrey DeMunn, Alfonso Freeman, Ned Bellamy, Don McManus, Dion Anderson, Renee Blaine, Scott Mann, Frank Medrano, Bill Bolender, James Kisicki, Claire Slemmer
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The Shawshank Redemption is a 1994 American drama film written and directed by Frank Darabont, based on the 1982 Stephen King novella Rita Hayworth and Shawshank Redemption. It tells the story of banker Andy Dufresne (Tim Robbins), who is sentenced to life in Shawshank State Penitentiary for the murders of his wife and her lover, despite his claims of innocence. Over the following two decades, he befriends a fellow prisoner, contraband smuggler Ellis "Red" Redding (Morgan Freeman), and becomes instrumental in a money-laundering operation led by the prison warden Samuel Norton (Bob Gunton). William Sadler, Clancy Brown, Gil Bellows, and James Whitmore appear in supporting roles.

Darabont purchased the film rights to King's story in 1987, but development did not begin until five years later, when he wrote the script over an eight-week period. Two weeks after submitting his script to Castle Rock Entertainment, Darabont secured a $25 million budget to produce The Shawshank Redemption, which started pre-production in January 1993. While the film is set in Maine, principal photography took place from June to August 1993 almost entirely in Mansfield, Ohio, with the Ohio State Reformatory serving as the eponymous penitentiary. The project attracted many stars of the time for the role of Andy, including Tom Hanks, Tom Cruise, and Kevin Costner. Thomas Newman provided the film's score.

While The Shawshank Redemption received positive reviews on its release, particularly for its story and the performances of Robbins and Freeman, it was a box-office disappointment, earning only $16 million during its initial theatrical run. Many reasons were cited for its failure at the time, including competition from films such as Pulp Fiction and Forrest Gump, to the general unpopularity of prison films, lack of female characters, and even the title, which was considered to be confusing for audiences. It went on to receive multiple award nominations, including seven Academy Award nominations, and a theatrical re-release that, combined with international takings, increased the film's box-office gross to $58.3 million.

Over 320,000 VHS copies were shipped throughout the United States, and on the strength of its award nominations and word of mouth, it became one of the top rented films of 1995. The broadcast rights were acquired following the purchase of Castle Rock by Turner Broadcasting System, and it was shown regularly on the TNT network starting in 1997, further increasing its popularity. It is now considered by many to be one of the greatest films of the 1990s. Decades after its release, the film was still broadcast regularly, and is popular in several countries, with audience members and celebrities citing it as a source of inspiration, and naming the film as a favorite in various surveys. In 2015, the United States Library of Congress selected the film for preservation in the National Film Registry, finding it "culturally, historically, or aesthetically significant".

In 1947 Portland, Maine, banker Andy Dufresne is convicted of murdering his wife and her lover and is sentenced to two consecutive life sentences at the Shawshank State Penitentiary. He is befriended by Ellis "Red" Redding, an inmate and prison contraband smuggler serving a life sentence. Red procures a rock hammer and a large poster of Rita Hayworth for Andy. Assigned to work in the prison laundry, Andy is frequently sexually assaulted by "the Sisters" and their leader, Bogs.

In 1949, Andy overhears the captain of the guards, Byron Hadley, complaining about being taxed on an inheritance and offers to help him shelter the money legally. After an assault by the Sisters nearly kills Andy, Hadley beats and cripples Bogs, who is subsequently transferred to another prison. Andy is not attacked again. Warden Samuel Norton meets Andy and reassigns him to the prison library to assist elderly inmate Brooks Hatlen, a front to allow Andy to manage financial matters for other prison staff, guards from other prisons, and the warden himself. Andy begins writing weekly letters to the state legislature requesting funds to improve the prison's decaying library.

Brooks is paroled in 1954 after serving 50 years, but he cannot adjust to the outside world and eventually hangs himself. The legislature sends a library donation that includes a recording of The Marriage of Figaro; Andy plays an excerpt over the public address system and is punished with solitary confinement. After his release from solitary, Andy explains that hope is what gets him through his time, a concept that Red dismisses. In 1963, Norton begins exploiting prison labor for public works, profiting by undercutting skilled labor costs and receiving bribes. Andy launders the money using the alias "Randall Stephens".

Tommy Williams is incarcerated for burglary in 1965. Andy and Red befriend him, and Andy helps him pass his GED exam. A year later, Tommy reveals to Red and Andy that his cellmate at another prison had claimed responsibility for the murders for which Andy was convicted. Andy approaches Norton with this information, but Norton refuses to listen, and when Andy mentions the money laundering, Norton sends him back to solitary confinement. Norton has Hadley murder Tommy under the guise of an escape attempt. Andy attempts to discontinue the laundering, but relents after Norton threatens to destroy the library, remove Andy's protection from the guards, and move him to worse conditions. Andy is released from solitary confinement after two months, and he tells a skeptical Red that he dreams of living in Zihuatanejo, a Mexican coastal town. Andy also tells him of a specific hayfield near Buxton, asking Red—once he is released—to retrieve a package that Andy buried there. Red worries about Andy's well-being, especially when he learns Andy asked a fellow inmate for 6 ft (1.8 m) of rope.

At the next day's roll call, the guards find Andy's cell empty. An irate Norton throws a rock at a poster of Raquel Welch hanging on the cell wall, revealing a tunnel that Andy dug with his rock hammer over the past 19 years. The previous night, Andy used the rope to escape through the tunnel and prison sewage pipe, taking Norton's suit, shoes, and ledger, containing proof of the money laundering. While guards search for him, Andy poses as Randall Stephens, withdraws over $370,000 (equivalent to $2.92 million in 2019) of the laundered money from several banks, and mails the ledger and other evidence of the corruption and murders at Shawshank to a local newspaper. State police arrive at Shawshank and take Hadley into custody, while Norton commits suicide to avoid arrest.

The following year, Red is finally paroled after serving 40 years. He struggles to adapt to life outside prison and fears that he never will. Remembering his promise to Andy, he visits Buxton and finds a cache containing money and a letter asking him to come to Zihuatanejo. Red violates his parole by traveling to Fort Hancock, Texas, and crossing the border into Mexico, admitting that he finally feels hope. He finds Andy on a beach in Zihuatanejo, and the two reunited friends happily embrace.

The Shawshank Redemption adalah film drama Amerika Serikat tahun 1994 yang ditulis dan disutradarai Frank Darabont dan dibintangi Tim Robbins dan Morgan Freeman.

Diadaptasi dari novella karya Stephen King, Rita Hayworth and Shawshank Redemption, film ini menceritakan kisah Andy Dufresne, seorang bankir yang menghabiskan hampir dua puluh tahun di Shawshank State Prison atas pembunuhan istri dan selingkuhannya meski ia mengklaim tidak melakukannya. Di penjara, ia berteman dengan Ellis Boyd "Red" Redding dan dilindung para penjaga setelah kepala penjara memanfaatkannya dalam operasi pencucian uang.

Meski pendapatan filmnya nyaris menyamai anggarannya, film ini dipuji oleh berbagai kritikus, masuk sejumlah nominasi penghargaan, dan laris di televisi kabel, VHS, DVD, dan Blu-ray. Film ini masuk 100 Years...100 Movies 10th Anniversary Edition yang disusun American Film Institute.

Pada tahun 1947, bankir Andy Dufresne (Tim Robbins) dituduh membunuh istri dan selingkuhannya berdasarkan bukti kejadian dan dihukum penjara dua kali seumur hidup di Shawshank State Penitentiary. Andy langsung berteman dengan penyelundup barang Ellis "Red" Redding (Morgan Freeman), seorang tahanan yang dipenjara seumur hidup. Red menyelundupkan palu batu untuk Andy agar ia bisa membuat pion-pion catur. Red kemudian membawakannya poster Rita Hayworth berukuran besar, kemudian poster Marilyn Monroe dan Raquel Welch. Andy bekerja di binatu penjara, namun sering dipukuli geng homoseks "the Sisters" dan pemimpinnya, Bogs (Mark Rolston).

Tahun 1949, Andy mendengar kapten penjaga Byron Hadley (Clancy Brown) mengeluh tentang pajak warisannya dan memberitahunya seputar celah dalam sistem keuangan. Setelah Andy nyaris tewas akibat serangan the Sisters, Hadley menghajar Bogs sampai-sampai Bogs harus dikirim ke penjara lain. Andy tidak diserang lagi. Kepala penjara Samuel Norton (Bob Gunton) bertemu Andy dan memindahkannya ke perpustakaan penjara untuk membantu tahanan tua Brooks Hatlen (James Whitmore). Sejak itu Andy mengelola urusan keuangan penjara. Saran dan keterampilannya terdengar oleh penjaga lain di Shawshank dan penjara sekitarnya. Andy mulai menyurati pemerintah negara bagian setiap minggu yang isinya meminta dana renovasi perpustakaan penjara.

Tahun 1954, Brooks bebas bersyarat, tetapi gagal menyesuaikan diri dengan dunia luar setelah 50 tahun dipenjara. Karena frustrasi, ia gantung diri. Andy mendapatkan sumbangan perpustakaan yang mencakup piringan hitam The Marriage of Figaro. Ia memutar lagunya melalui sistem pengumuman publik sehingga ia dikurung di sel tertutup. Setelah dibebaskan, Andy menjelaskan bahwa ia percaya harapan adalah sesuatu yang tidak bisa direnggut penjara darinya, tetapi Red menolak gagasan tersebut. Pada tahun 1963, Norton mulai mengeksploitasi tahanan penjara untuk pekerjaan umum, mendapatkan keuntungan dengan memangkas biaya buruh terampil dan menerima suap. Ia menyuruh Andy mencuci uangnya dengan nama samaran "Randall Stephens".

Tahun 1965, Tommy Williams (Gil Bellows) ditahan dengan tuduhan perampokan. Ia bergabung dengan geng Andy dan Red. Andy membantunya lulus ujian General Educational Development (G.E.D.). Pada tahun 1966, setelah mendengar rincian kasus Andy, Tommy mengungkapkan bahwa seorang tahanan di penjara lain mengaku bertanggung jawab atas kasus pembunuhan yang sama, sehingga Andy bisa dianggap tidak bersalah. Andy memberikan informasi ini kepada Norton, tetapi ditolaknya mentah-mentah. Norton mengurung Andy di sel tertutup dan menyuruh Hadley membunuh Tommy dengan alasan kabur dari penjara. Andy menolak melanjutkan pencucian uang tersebut, tetapi Norton mengancam akan menghancurkan perpustakaan dan mencabut perlindungan dan perlakuan khusus terhadapnya. Setelah Andy dibebaskan dari sel tertutup, ia memberitahu Red mengenai impiannya untuk menetap di Zihuatanejo, sebuah kota pantai Pasifik di Meksiko. Meski Red menyebutnya tidak realistis, Andy menyuruh Red untuk mengambil sebuah paket di ladang dekat Buxton setelah bebas.

Keesokan harinya saat absen pagi, setelah mengetahui sel Andy kosong, Norton yang berang melemparkan salah satu batu Andy ke poster Raquel Welch di dinding. Batu tersebut merobek poster dan mengungkapkan keberadaan terowongan yang digali Andy dengan palunya selama dua puluh tahun. Malam sebelumnya, Andy kabur melalui terowongan tersebut dan pipa pembuangan penjara sambil membawa buku besar Norton. Buku tersebut berisi rincian pencucian uangnya. Paginya, saat para penjaga menyisir daerah sekitar penjara, Andy, menyamar sebagai Randall Stephens, mengunjungi sejumlah bank untuk menarik uang cucian tersebut. Terakhir, ia mengirim buku besar dan bukti korupsi dan pembunuhan di Shawshank ke kantor berita setempat. Polisi tiba di Shawshank dan menahan Hadley, sementara Norton bunuh diri untuk menghindari penangkapan.

Setelah ditahan selama 40 tahun, Red memperoleh pembebasan bersyarat. Ia berusaha beradaptasi dengan kehidupan di luar penjara dan khawatir ia akan gagal. Karena sudah berjanji kepada Andy, ia mengunjungi Buxton dan menemukan kotak berisi uang dan surat yang memintanya pergi ke Zihuatanejo. Red melanggar pembebasan bersyaratnya dan pergi ke Fort Hancock, Texas sebelum melintas perbatasan ke Meksiko. Ia akhirnya mengaku memiliki harapan. Di sebuah pantai di Zihuatanejo, ia menemukan Andy dan keduanya bersatu kembali.

When you want something, all the universe conspires in helping you to achieve it.
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